petsofusa.com – Ringneck Pheasant -It’s no secret for ornamental chicken lovers that the Ringneck Pheasant has the advantage of being able to detect earthquakes. Pheasant chickens, which are often called necklace or ringneck pheasants, have instincts or sensory sensitivity. Just before the earthquake occurred, this rooster would crow in panic over and over again until the earthquake was felt by us. Because of that ringneck pheasant is known as an ornamental chicken that detects earthquakes.
Although this chicken comes from Asia, especially China, since thousands of years ago the ring-necked pheasant has spread and developed throughout the world. Especially in America and Europe where in those countries ringneck pheasants are bred as Gamebirds. This can not be separated from their character which is very easy to breed, does not know the season, and lots of eggs are produced by ringneck pheasant females.
There are 30 subspecies of ringneck pheasant scattered throughout the world. Like the green ringneck or the mutant pheasant from Japan. Gray ringneck or blue pheasant, and white ringneck are widely developed in America.
This type is widely cultivated by ornamental chicken breeders and is proven to be growing rapidly. Although the color is not as beautiful as Lady Amherst or even Gray Peacock Pheasant, ringneck pheasant is in high demand. Especially by beginner poultry hobbyists who want to try raising pheasant chickens. As a lesson before buying a more expensive pheasant.
Ringneck Pheasant Characteristics
Globally the feathers of the ringneck pheasant are red with a glossy white border forming a triangle. With a small head decorated with red patches on the face that merged to the wattle. Called a necklace pheasant because it has white feathers coiled around the neck to form a ring. Although not all types of pheasant ringneck have the necklace.
The color of red fur is sometimes different from one another, this can not be separated from their origin which is then divided into 30 subspecies. Some are dark red almost to brown but some are light with lots of white.
The green ringneck from Japan is actually very popular without a ring around the neck. Likewise the white pheasant ringneck which automatically has no ring feathers on the neck. For a gray ringneck, the ring around his neck is still visible even though it’s faint.
Ringneck pheasant females are only brown with white spots and are completely unattractive. The size of the female is smaller and shorter than the male. If the overall length of the male is 60-89 cm including the tail, the female is only 50-63 including the tail. The tail has 2/3 of the total length.
Ringneck pheasant puppies look like females. Just brown and unattractive. Their fur will mutate at 5-6 months of age and will look good at 8-9 months of age. It is rather difficult to distinguish the sex of ringneck puppies before 4 months of age.
They belong to the bird family phasianidae where the length of the wings is not proportional to the length of the body. Because of that they are awkward to fly. Most of the time is spent on the ground playing, mating and foraging. They will only fly and jump when panic or danger exists.
Their flight speed is only 43-61 km/h (27-38 mph) while traveling but when chased they can fly up to 90 km/h (56 mph). Because of their fast flight speed, they are favored by hunting sports enthusiasts. Especially in the UK where these chickens are actually bred in captivity and then released in the wild. The usual hunting season is open from October to February.
The necklace pheasant is a shy chicken. They would only interact with humans occasionally. Even if you raise these chickens from small, they are difficult to tame. Some chickens may not be afraid of humans and can be hand fed. This certainly cannot be separated from their treatment and habits since childhood.
Raising and Cultivating Ringneck Pheasant
As mentioned above, the necklace pheasant is very easy to breed, does not know the season and the number of eggs is very large. Necklace pheasant females can lay up to 30 eggs in 1 period. Of course they can’t incubate that many eggs.
Ornamental chicken breeders use incubators to incubate ringneck eggs. The eggs will hatch after 24-27 days. Newly hatched ringneck pheasant are like ordinary chickens. With soft cotton bristles. The growth of pheasant bird is fast, after 2 weeks their feathers are complete and can fly.
Ringneck includes polygamous animals where 1 male can marry 3-5 females. To speed up production, some breeders even use injection mating systems or artificial insemination. Sperm from 1 male can be diluted and sufficient to fertilize up to 10 female necklace pheasants.
Ringneck Pheasant Child Care
If the ringneck pheasant eggs are left to incubate the mother, the chicks will be cared for and warmed by the mother. However, if you use a hatching machine, you must provide a broder or warmer box.
The size of the heating box is adjusted to the number of pheasant bird. During the first week, a box with a size of 1 x 1 meter can be filled with 10-20 ringneck tillers. Broder temperature is set to 30-33 degrees Celsius. Next week thinning is required. You can move to another cage that has been prepared. At 4 weeks of age ringneck pheasant puppies can be released in a large cage with perforated wire.
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Ringneck Pheasant Food
In nature the ringneck pheasant eats seeds, leaf buds, insects and worms. But in captivity they usually eat ordinary chicken voor. Many are circulating and easy to buy at feed stores of various brands and types of chicken voor.
For ringneck chicks, 511, BR1, AD1 or 591 chicken voor can be given. Until the age of 2 weeks, breeders usually give this type of chicken voor. For the next age can be given voor 521, AD2, or 592.
Meanwhile, for brooders, series 4 chicken voor is usually given, such as 594. However, not all ornamental chicken breeders do this. There are also those who continue to provide voor series 1 for juvenile chickens and even brooders.
Natural food additives such as ground corn, brown rice, beans and other grains are usually given along or mixed with the main meal. While fruits and green vegetables are also very good given to increase nutrition.
Insects and caterpillars that are commonly sold such as crickets and hongkong caterpillars are also good for pheasant chicken stamina. Breeders usually give occasionally in the regular season. Or once every 2-3 days when entering the transition and mating season. This live feed is also good for accelerating the growth of tillers.
Cages Required Ringneck Pheasant
If you keep a pair of Ringneck Pheasants, making a 1.5 x 1.5 meter cage is more than enough. However, a larger cage is needed for ringneck pheasant cultivation. The construction of the pheasant cage must be completely covered. You can use chicken net, srimin wire, or wiremesh.
In addition to keeping the pheasants from getting out, the cage also serves to protect the pheasant from predators. Like weasels and large rats that can prey on pheasant broods and eggs. Place the cage as much as possible to get enough sunlight. Good air circulation so that the cage is not stuffy and humid.
The base of the cage can be soil, sand, or even cement. Most importantly it is easy to clean. Clean the cage every day of dirt and food residue. Dirt and food scraps can cause unpleasant odors or even invite other nuisance animals.